Writing Gujarati words using PramukhIME is as easy as writing our names in English. For quick help, checkout the following image. This image shows which letter(s) will be typed when you press a particular key (combination). Press F9 (or your preferred Shortcut Key) to switch between currently selected language and last selected language.
Gujarati typing help
Note: Typing is case-sensitive. Typing small "a" and capital "A" will yield different letters. Make sure "Caps Lock" key is not ON.
Quick Links: Vowel, Consonant, Vowel Sign, Digit, Other, Symbol, Rule, ZWJ/ZWNJ character, Example

Vowel

= a
= aa/A
= i
= ee/I
= u
= oo/U
= Ru/Ri
= RU/RI
= Lu-/Li-
= LU-/LI-
= E (Chandra E)
= e
= ai
= O (Chandra O)
= o
= au/ou
અં = aM/a.n/a.m
અઁ = aM-
અઃ = a:/aH

Consonant

= k
= kh
= g
= gh
= NG
= ch/C
= chh/Ch
= j
= jh/z
= NY
= T
= Th
= D
= Dh
= N
= t
= th
= d
= dh
= n
= p
= ph/f
= b
= bh
= m
= y
= r/R
= l
= v/w
= sh/S
= Sh
= s
= h
= L
ક્ષ = kSh/x
જ્ઞ = Gn/Gy

Vowel Sign

= aa/A
િ = i
= ee/I
= u
= oo/U
= Ru/Ri
= RU/RI
= Lu-/Li-
= LU-/LI-
= E (Chandra E)
= e
= ai
= O (Chandra O)
= o
= au/ou
= M/.n/.m (Anusvar)
= M- (Chandrabindu)
= :/H (Visarg)
Note: Dotted round symbol represents placeholder for consonant character

Digit

If the setting "Digit in English" is not set, Gujarati and English digits are typed this way
= 0, = 1, = 2, = 3, = 4, = 5, = 6, = 7, = 8, = 9
0 = 0-, 1 = 1-, 2 = 2-, 3 = 3-, 4 = 4-, 5 = 5-, 6 = 6-, 7 = 7-, 8 = 8-, 9 = 9-

If the setting "Digit in English" is set, Gujarati and English digits are typed this way
= 0-, = 1-, = 2-, = 3-, = 4-, = 5-, = 6-, = 7-, = 8-, = 9-
0 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 3, 4 = 4, 5 = 5, 6 = 6, 7 = 7, 8 = 8, 9 = 9

Other

= See example (Viram)
= * (Nukta)
= .a (Avagrah)
= Rs- (Gujarati Rupee sign)
= | (Devanagari danda)
= || (Devanagari double danda)
= Rs (Indian Rupee sign)
= OM (Aum)
= +- (Swastika sign)
Zero Width Joiner = -- (2 Dashes)
Zero Width Non Joiner = --- (3 Dashes)
Note: Dotted round symbol represents placeholder for consonant character

Symbol

The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) < > - + / = ; . , ' " ? ! % \ _ & $ @ # ~ ^ are transliterated into the same symbols.
Symbols * : | have special meaning. You can type this way
* = *-

: = :-

| = |-

These symbols will type Gujarati characters first but if "-" will be followed, it will remove previously typed Gujarati character and then type the symbol.

Rule

  1. Consonant is followed by vowel sign character to make a live consonant.
    Example
    ક કા કિ કી કુ કૂ કૃ કૄ કૢ કૣ કૅ કે કૈ કો કૉ કૌ કં કઁ કઃ
    ka kaa ki kee ku koo kRu kRU kLu- kLU- kE ke kai ko kO kau kaM kaM- ka:
  2. Two or more consecutive consonants make consonant cluster. The last consonant takes the full form and all preceding consonants within cluster take half form
    Example
    નમસ્કાર = namaskaar

  3. Special consonant cluster forms (ligature) will be automatically created if it is available in the font. Look at the examples for clarification. All possible ligatures may not be given in the example. Try typing the consonant combinations according to ligature pronounciation and it will work. For example, try typing "vidhyaa", "viDyaa", "vidyaa" to get the correct ligature for "dy" in "vidyaa".
  4. Character "-" is followed by consonant will be transliterated as (Viram)
    Example
    ખ ક્હ ઘ ગ્હ છ ચ્હ ઝ જ્હ ઠ ટ્હ ઢ ડ્હ થ ત્હ ધ દ્હ ફ પ્હ ભ બ્હ શ સ્હ ષ શ્હ
    kha k-ha gha g-ha chha ch-ha jha j-ha Tha T-ha Dha D-ha tha t-ha dha d-ha pha p-ha bha b-ha sha s-ha Sha S-ha
  5. If two english characters are making one Gujarati Vowel (i.e. ai, au), then "-" character is used to separate them into two different vowels.
    Example
    ઐરાવત = airaavat

    અઇરાવત = a-iraavat

  6. Character "n"/"m" will be automatically transliterated to anusvar ં
    If character Followed by Transliterated to
    n k, kh, g, gh
    n ch, chh, j, jh
    n T, Th, D, Dh
    n t, th, d, dh
    m p, ph, b, bh, v
    n l, sh, Sh, s
    n - (Dash) ન્
    m - (Dash) મ્
    n Any other character
    m Any other character
    Example
    અંગ = ang

    સાંજ = saanj

    અખંડ = akhanD

    સંત = sant

    આંબો = aambo

ZWJ/ZWNJ character

ZWJ and ZWNJ characters are used to produce alternate rendering of ligature.
  1. A consonant followed by ZWJ character will produce half-formed consonant character.
    Example
    પ્રશ્ન = prashn

    પ્રશ્‍ન = prash--n

  2. A consonant followed by ZWNJ character will produce dead consonant character.
    Example
    પ્રશ્ન = prashn

    પ્રશ્‌ન = prash---n

Example

નમસ્તે = namaste

સુપ્રભાત = suprabhaat

કર્મ = karm

શ્રી = shree

વિદ્યા = vidyaa

વિદ્‌યા = vid---yaa

પદ્મ = padm

વિદ્વાન = vidvaan

પ્રશ્ન = prashn

પ્રશ્‍ન = prash--n

અન્ન = ann

અન્‍ન = an--n

ઉદ્‌ઘોષ = ud---ghoSh

દંડવત્ = daMDavat-

થૈ = thai

થઇ = tha-i

દૌ = dau

દઉ = da-u