Writing Hindi words using PramukhIME is as easy as writing our names in English. For quick help, checkout the following image. This image shows which letter(s) will be typed when you press a particular key (combination). Press F9 (or your preferred Shortcut Key) to switch between currently selected language and last selected language.
Hindi typing help
Note: Typing is case-sensitive. Typing small "a" and capital "A" will yield different letters. Make sure "Caps Lock" key is not ON.
Quick Links: Vowel, Consonant, Additional Consonant, Vowel Sign, Digit, Other, Symbol, Rule, ZWJ/ZWNJ character, Example

Vowel

= a_ (Short A)
= a
= aa/A
= i
= ee/I
= u
= oo/U
= Ri
= RI
= Li-
= LI-
= E (Chandra E)
= E_ (Short E)
= e
= ai
= O (Chandra O)
= O_ (Short O)
= o
= au/ou
अं = aM
अँ = aM-/a.n/a.m
अः = a:/aH

Consonant

= k
= kh
= g
= gh
= NG
= ch/C
= chh/Ch
= j
= jh/z
= NY
= T
= Th
= D
= Dh
= N
= t
= th
= d
= dh
= n
= p
= ph/f
= b
= bh
= m
= y
= r/R
= l
= v/w
= sh/S
= Sh
= s
= h
= L
क्ष = kSh/x
ज्ञ = Gy

Additional Consonant

= k*/q/K
= kh*/Q/Kh
= g*/G
= j*/J
= D*
= Dh*
= n*
= ph*/f*/F
= y*/Y
= r*
= L*

Vowel Sign

= aa/A
ि = i
= ee/I
= u
= oo/U
= Ri
= RI
= Li-
= LI-
= E (Chandra E)
= E_ (Short E)
= e
= ai
= O (Chandra O)
= O_ (Short O)
= o
= au/ou
= M (Anusvar)
= M-/.n/.m (Chandrabindu)
= :/H (Visarg)
Note: Dotted round symbol represents placeholder for consonant character

Digit

If the setting "Digit in English" is not set, Hindi and English digits are typed this way
= 0, = 1, = 2, = 3, = 4, = 5, = 6, = 7, = 8, = 9
0 = 0-, 1 = 1-, 2 = 2-, 3 = 3-, 4 = 4-, 5 = 5-, 6 = 6-, 7 = 7-, 8 = 8-, 9 = 9-

If the setting "Digit in English" is set, Hindi and English digits are typed this way
= 0-, = 1-, = 2-, = 3-, = 4-, = 5-, = 6-, = 7-, = 8-, = 9-
0 = 0, 1 = 1, 2 = 2, 3 = 3, 4 = 4, 5 = 5, 6 = 6, 7 = 7, 8 = 8, 9 = 9

Other

= See example (Halant/Viram)
= * (Nukta)
= .a (Avagrah)
= @ (Devanagari abbreviation sign)
= | (Devanagari danda)
= || (Devanagari double danda)
= Rs (Indian Rupee sign)
= OM (Aum)
= +- (Swastika sign)
Zero Width Joiner = -- (2 Dashes)
Zero Width Non Joiner = --- (3 Dashes)
Note: Dotted round symbol represents placeholder for consonant character

Symbol

The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) < > - + / = ; . , ' " ? ! % \ _ & $ # ~ ^ are transliterated into the same symbols.
Symbols @ * : | have special meaning. You can type this way
@ = @-

* = *-

: = :-

| = |-

These symbols will type Hindi characters first but if "-" will be followed, it will remove previously typed Hindi character and then type the symbol.

Rule

  1. Consonant is followed by vowel sign character to make a live consonant.
    Example
    क का कि की कु कू कृ कॄ कॢ कॣ कॅ के कै कॉ को कौ कं कँ कः
    ka kaa ki kee ku koo kRi kRI kLi- kLI- kE ke kai kO ko kau kaM kaM- ka:
  2. Two or more consecutive consonants make consonant cluster. The last consonant takes the full form and all preceding consonants within cluster take half form
    Example
    नमस्कार = namaskaar

  3. Special consonant cluster forms (ligature) will be automatically created if it is available in the font. Look at the examples for clarification. All possible ligatures may not be given in the example. Try typing the consonant combinations according to ligature pronounciation and it will work. For example, try typing "vidhyaa", "viDyaa", "vidyaa" to get the correct ligature for "dy" in "vidyaa".
  4. Character "-" is followed by consonant will be transliterated as (Halant/Viram)
    Example
    ख क्ह घ ग्ह छ च्ह झ ज्ह ठ ट्ह ढ ड्ह थ त्ह ध द्ह फ प्ह भ ब्ह श स्ह ष श्ह
    kha k-ha gha g-ha chha ch-ha jha j-ha Tha T-ha Dha D-ha tha t-ha dha d-ha pha p-ha bha b-ha sha s-ha Sha S-ha
  5. If two english characters are making one Hindi Vowel (i.e. ai, au), then "-" character is used to separate them into two different vowels.
    Example
    ऐरावत = airaavat

    अइरावत = a-iraavat

  6. If the Advanced Rule is set to "Panchamakshar", character "n"/"m" will be automatically transliterated to panchamakshar of the varg of the consonant following "n"/"m".
    If character Followed by Transliterated to
    n k, kh, g, gh
    n ch, chh, j, jh
    n T, Th, D , Dh
    n t, th, d, dh
    n p, ph, b, bh
    n sh, s
    n Nukta consonants k*, kh*, g*, j*, D* , Dh*
    m Nukta consonants ph*
    n - (Dash) न्
    m - (Dash) म्
    n Any other character
    m Any other character
    Example
  7. If the Advanced Rule is set to "Anusvar", character "n"/"m" will be automatically transliterated to anusvar ं.
    If character Followed by Transliterated to
    n k, kh, g, gh
    n ch, chh, j, jh
    n T, Th, D, Dh
    n t, th, d, dh
    m p, ph, b, bh, v
    n l, sh, Sh, s
    n Nukta consonants k*, kh*, g*, j*, D*, Dh*
    m Nukta consonants ph*
    n - (Dash) न्
    m - (Dash) म्
    n Any other character
    m Any other character
    Example
    पंकज = pankaj

    संजय = sanjay

    कंठ = kanTh

    चंदन = chandan

    संभव = sambhav

    संसार = sansaar

    पन्कज = pan-kaj

ZWJ/ZWNJ character

ZWJ and ZWNJ characters are used to produce alternate rendering of ligature.
  1. A consonant followed by ZWJ character will produce half-formed consonant character.
    Example
    प्रश्न = prashn

    प्रश्‍न = prash--n

  2. A consonant followed by ZWNJ character will produce dead consonant character.
    Example
    प्रश्न = prashn

    प्रश्‌न = prash---n

Example

नमस्ते = namaste

पैग़ाम = paig*aam

कर्म = karm

श्री = shree

विद्या = vidyaa

पद्म = padm

पद्‌म = pad---m

प्रश्न = prashn

औचित्य = auchity

अउचित्य = a-uchity

उ॰प्र॰ = u@pra@

हँस = ha.ns

हंस = hans